Solar Panel Installation and Maintenance

Solar System Components

Solar systems consist of photovoltaic modules (modules), a mounting system and a photovoltaic inverter with computer-aided control. Photovoltaic modules generate direct current from sunlight. The inverter then converts the electricity generated into alternating current for use in the home. A computer control manages the solar system and ensures optimum efficiency. If you need a battery power system or an off-grid solar system, a battery is required.

Solar Panel Installation Process

The most common place to install solar panels is on the roof. Most roofs generally have the installation parameters required to allow the panels to receive maximum sunlight.
However, if a rooftop installation is not appropriate or desirable, solar panels can also be installed on the ground. Just make sure there are no objects blocking the sun.

1. Set Up Scaffolding

First the scaffolding needs to be erected to ensure safety throughout the roof construction.

2. Install Solar Panel Mounts

Next, set up your solar panel mounting system. This will be the support for the base of the solar panels. The entire mounting structure should be inclined and at an angle between 18 and 36 degrees to receive maximum sunlight.

3. Install the Solar Panels

Once the brackets are in place, the solar panel itself should be installed onto the mounting structure. Make sure to tighten all the nuts and bolts to keep it stable.

4. Wire the Solar Panels

The next step in the installation process is to install the electrical wiring. In most cases MC4 connectors are used as they are suitable for all types of solar panels. Make sure the power is off when installing the wiring.

5. Install Solar Inverter

Next, the PV inverter must be connected to the system. It is usually installed near the main panel and can be placed indoors or outdoors. Inverters are more efficient when stored in a cooler place.
If the inverter is outdoors, protect it from the afternoon sun. When installing indoors, a garage or utility room is usually the best location as it stays cool and airy for most of the year.

6. Bond Solar Inverter and Solar Battery

Next, the solar inverter needs to be connected to the solar battery. Solar battery storage can save you from worrying about running out of usable energy on cloudy days and can also reduce the cost of a solar battery storage system during installation.

7. Connect the Inverter to the Consumer Unit

The inverter must be connected to the utility to generate electricity. You'll also need to connect a production meter to monitor how much electricity your solar panels are actually producing. You can use a computer or other device to check the performance of the solar system. For example, you can see how much electricity you're producing at different times and decide when it's appropriate to use the washing machine or other utilities.

8. Start and Test Solar Panels

The final step is to turn on the power and test the newly installed solar panel system. Then the installation of the solar panel is complete.

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